1946 – 2016 Seventy years of the Italian Republic and women’s right to vote
This year we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the birth of the Italian Republic but not only. On June 2nd, 1946, the referendum called Italians in to choose between a monarchy and a republic and to elect the Constituent Assembly. Yet 1946 marked another historic event to democracy: women’s right to vote and therefore universal suffrage. After the fall of fascism and the end of World War II, Italy finally turned the page. The first election date was for local elections; two thousand candidates were elected to the municipal councils, the majority from the left parties. The percentage of women participating in the vote was very high, 89%, thus disproving the negative predictions, dictated by the lack of confidence of some exponent politicians, on the interest Italian women would take on institutional issues. With the June referendum, the Italian Republic was born and twenty-one deputies were elected for the first time, out of five hundred and six members of the Constituent Assembly.