The Four-hundred-year-old museum of archeology is rarely mentioned in Florence guides. The exhibits are mostly from the family collections of Medici and Lorraine, especially the ancient Egyptian collection.

It happened to be the free museum day (the first Sunday of each month), why not going to check it out?

There was literally nobody at the entrance, I took a free entry ticket at the ticket office and walked inside.
The garden is attached to the museum.

To understand the history of Tuscany, you must not ignore the history of Etruscans.
From the 10th century BC, the Etruscan inhabited at the area between Tiber River and Arno River, gradually forming their own unique culture. At the 6th century BC, Etruscan civilization reached its peak, they could handle bronze and iron very well. A large part of Tuscany was under their rule, such as Volterra, the town still keeps the gates that were built at that time. As well as the town of Pitigliano, with traces of life left by the Etruscans.
Etruscans’ agriculture was well developed and animal husbandry was also flourishing. Due to the development of handicrafts and commerce, foreign trade had become increasingly prosperous, with contacts with Greece, Carthage and southern Italy. By 7th century BC, the Etruscan cities ruling class was constituted by military, priests and slave owners, with business “diversified” also in war campaign and piracy activities, looting wealth and slaves. Poor clan members and conquered indigenous peoples were reduced to dependency and would be used in agricultural and handicraft production.

Etruscan were overthrown by the Romans in 509BC. In the first century BC, Etruscans merged into Rome, and quickly assimilated by the Romans.
The mystery of their origins has not been conclusive. The archaeological museum of Florence houses a large number of Etruscan bronze, iron artifacts. Looking at these nearly three-thousand year-old exhibits, the fine line, extensive use of bronze and iron, you can imagine the prosperity at that time.

The most well known piece would be Chimera di Arezzo from the 4th century BC.
This almost 1 meter long bronze sculpture was discovered in Arezzo in 1553, due to the construction of a Medici castle. The Medici family first kept it in their own office – Palazzo Vecchio. Then it was moved into their residence, Palazzo Pitti. Then it went to Uffizi Gallery in 1718, and finally found its home in The archaeological museum of Florence.
The jewelry made by Etruscans were too fine to move along from. There are several hundreds pieces of peculiar shaped human statue like this. The Etruscan statue in Volterra archaeological museum inspired the creation of aliens in movies.
At two thousand years ago, if you were fat and bald, with wrinkled skin, it meant the wealthy life you led to live long enough to grow old.
The amount of ancient Egyptian collection here is only after the ancient Egyptian museum in Turin.

The ancient Greek exhibits here are mostly earthenware from Etruscan tombs, which indicates the frequent trade between the two areas.
imported from Greece.
There are 3 floors in the museum. People spend 2 – 2.5 hours averagely to visit it.


城中隐匿好去处 | 佛罗伦萨考古博物馆
佛罗伦萨国立考古博物馆(Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Firenze),这座400岁的博物馆很少在各式各样的攻略中提到,我以前也从没进去过。



伊特鲁里亚时期展品(Etruscan collection)



其中最著名的展品要数公元前4世纪的喀迈拉青铜雕塑(Chimera di Arezzo)。








古埃及时期(Ancient Egyptian Collection)


古希腊时期(Ancient Greek Collection)